By S. Wolton
The ebook experiences the Anglo-American debate during which British officers led by means of Lord Hailey, countered American criticisms of imperial rule through emphasizing fiscal improvement and peace-keeping as new, non-racial justifications for western authority. those are subject matters that experience retained a strong resonance within the post-war global.
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Extra resources for Lord Hailey, the Colonial Office and the Politics of Race and Empire in the Second World War: The Loss of White Prestige
There were also new experiences for Hailey. One of the most important was having to deal with the criticisms of the Empire from Americans, particularly after the collapse of the Far East to the Japanese, which also had ramifications for Britain’s policy towards India. It will be useful to introduce briefly some of these longer-term trends to set the stage for the developments of the war discussed in later chapters. Interwar trends One effect of the Second World War on the Empire was the confluence of several apparently separate prewar developments into a single stream of political pressure on colonial administrators.
86 Certainly by the mid-1930s there was a growing section of the colonial establishment that thought that Britain needed to do more to prompt economic development in the colonies. ’87 What most historians seem to agree on, however, is that despite the fact that the 1940 Act held a similar title to the 1929 Colonial Development Act, it was actually very different. 92 Instead, by the 1940s, many people, inspired by the economic theories of John Maynard Keynes, started to look towards state intervention to boost the economy.
However, some of the academic literature treats the ‘development idea’ as an already established prewar influence on policy. Certainly its roots lay in the prewar period. But it became Colonial Office policy only during the war, and saw fruition after the war in terms of direct investment in certain government-led schemes and the expansion of social services. The Colonial Development and Welfare Act of 1940 was the key development. The academic debate concerns whether this legislation was a reaction to the economic failures of the past, a reaction to the experience of the 1930s riots in the West Indies, or a more recent reaction to the anti-imperialist charge that Britain was 20 Lord Hailey exploiting the Empire.
Lord Hailey, the Colonial Office and the Politics of Race and Empire in the Second World War: The Loss of White Prestige by S. Wolton