By Rick Peters
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Extra resources for Framing Basics
LAMINATED BEAMS here are a number of laminated beam products available that are useful both as support beams and as headers. Laminated-veneer lumber (LVL) is made by laminating vertical strips of veneer together; it comes in widths in increments of 1%". Two pieces nailed together match the thickness of a 2x4 wall. Heights of LVL beams range from 5W' to 18". T Laminated lumber beams, different from LVL, are made by gluing laminated horizontal strips 34 Tools and Materials of knot-free lumber together.
Make sure to hold the workpiece firmly and skew the plane to produce more of a shearing cut. Work with the grain whenever possible, and if you must plane against the grain, take precautions to prevent chip-out: Either clamp a scrap block to the edge of the wood, or plane in toward the center from both directions. Rasp or File For really fine adjustments, such as when fitting trim or coping a joint, a rasp or fine mill file is invaluable. A four-in-one hand rasp like the one shown in the photo at left combines four tools in one.
The standard joist hanger is made of 20-gauge metal and is engineered for strength and economy. Most manufacturers build in prongs that, 40 Tools and Materials when driven into the framing member, will hold the hanger in place long enough for you to drive in nails. They're sized for 2x4s, 2x6s, 2xSs, and 2x 10s. Top flange joist hangers have a flange on the top that hooks over the framing member for added support. Double-shear joist hangers are manufactured from heavier 1S-gauge metal and are designed to support heavier loads.
Framing Basics by Rick Peters