By David R. Bassett and Alvin E. Hamielec (Eds.)
content material: Latex particle nucleation and progress / Robert M. Fitch --
Latex particle stabilization / R.H. Ottewill --
Well-characterized monodisperse polystrene latexes as version colloids / J.W. Vanderhoff --
Characterization of latex debris by way of gentle scattering / R.L. Rowell and J.R. Ford --
The molecular weight distributions of emulsion polymers / Donald H. Napper, Gottfried Lichti, and Robert G. Gilbert --
at the optimum reactor kind and operation for non-stop emulsion polymerization / Mamoru Nomura and Makoto Harada --
Emulsifier-free emulsion copolymerization of styrene with acrylamide and its derivatives / Haruma Kawaguchi, Yoshishige Sugi, and Yasuji Ohtsuka --
Polyelectrolyte-stabilized latices / Richard Buscall and Terence nook --
Mechanical and chemical balance of polymer latices / D.C. Blackley --
Stabilization in nonaqueous radical dispersion polymerization with AB block copolymers of polystyrene and poly(dimethyl siloxane) / J.V. Dawkins, G. Taylor, S.P. Baker, R.W.R. Collett, and J.S. Higgins --
The formation of coagulum in emulsion polymerization / J.W. Vanderhoff --
impression of spray drying parameters on polyvinyl chloride resin particle dimension distribution and plastisol rheology / D.J. Hoffmann and P.M. Saffron --
Surfactant interactions in polyvinyl acetate and poly (vinyl acetate-butyl acrylate) latexes / B.R. Vijayendran, T. Bone, and C. Gajria --
swift density gradient centrifugation of polymer latices / H. Lange --
the connection among the electrophoretic mobility and the adsorption of ions on polystyrene latex / C.M. Ma, F.J. Micale, M.S. El-Aasser, and J.W. Vanderhoff --
thoughts for measuring particle swelling of carboxylic emulsion polymers / D.R. Bassett, E.J. Derderian, J.E. Johnston, and T.B. MacRury --
gentle scattering experiences of the interior constitution of emulsion polymer debris / J.R. Ford, R.L. Rowell, and D.R. Bassett --
instruction and characterization of alkali-swellable carboxylated latexes / S. Nishida, M.S. El-Aasser, A. Klein, and J.W. Vanderhoff --
Emulsion polymerization kinetics : chain entanglements and glassy-state transition / B. Harris, A.E. Hamielec, and L. Marten --
Diffusion-controlled kinetics within the emulsion polymerization of styrene and methyl methacrylate / D.C. Sundberg, J.Y. Hsieh, S.K. Soh, and R.F. Baldus --
Polymerization kinetics via precision densimetry / K.J. Abbey --
The impression of nonreactive ingredients at the kinetics of emulsion polymerization / A.R.M. Azad, R.M. Fitch, and M. Nomura --
Nonuniform emulsion polymers : procedure description and polymer houses / D.R. Bassett and K.L. Hoy --
Nonuniform emulsion polymers : carbon-13 NMR spectroscopy / J.E. Johnston, D.R. Bassett, and T.B. MacRury --
Morphology of two-stage latex debris : polystyrene and styrene-butadiene copolymer pair platforms / D.I. Lee --
New layout for generating constant-composition copolymers in emulsion polymerization : comparability with different approaches / A. Guyot, J. Guillot, C. Pichot, and L. Rios Guerrero --
concept of compartmentalized free-radical polymerization reactions / D.C. Blackley --
A reinvestigation of vinyl acetate emulsion polymerization : isotope influence / M.H. Litt and K.H.S. Chang --
Catalysis of thermal initiation of styrene emulsion polymerization by means of emulsifiers / Zaid F.M. stated, Sabah A. Hassan, and Alexander S. Dunn --
Latex seed particle development at excessive surfactant floor assurance / J.R. Erickson and R.J. Seidewand --
online tracking of emulsion polymerization reactor dynamics / F.J. Schork and W.H. Ray --
regulate of particle measurement distribution via emulsifier metering according to price of conversion / Daniel L. Gordon and Karl R. Weidner --
A simulation research at the use of a dead-time repayment set of rules for closed-loop conversion keep an eye on of constant emulsion polymerization reactors / Kenneth W. Leffew and Pradeep B. Deshpande --
Experimental research of the seeded polymerization of vinyl acetate in a tube / C.K. Lee and T.H. Forsyth.
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Additional resources for Emulsion Polymers and Emulsion Polymerization
Ch002 2. OTTEWILL Latex Particle Stabilization 43 o v e r t h i s r a n g e o f e l e c t r o l y t e c o n c e n t r a t i o n , once a p a r t i c l e e n t e r s a s e c o n d a r y minimum, i t w i l l h a v e a l o n g r e s i d e n c e t i m e t h e r e and r e m a i n s e p a r a t e d f r o m t h e s e c o n d s p h e r i c a l p a r t i c l e b y d i s t a n c e s o f t h e o r d e r o f 6 t o 10 nm. However, t h e r e s t i l l r e m a i n s a s u b s t a n t i a l p r i m a r y maximum i n p o t e n t i a l e n e r g y t o b e overcome b e f o r e t h e p a r t i c l e s c a n come i n t o c o n t a c t o r e n t e r t h e p r i m a r y minimum.
And we n o t e t h e i n v e r s e dependence on t h e 6 t h power o f t h e v a l e n c y o f t h e c o u n t e r - i o n . 821 x 10 * ^ _ C . = -—x mol dm (8) cnt z z A v and we now n o t e t h e dependence o f C . on t h e s e c o n d power o f <-u i crit the v a l e n c y . ^ c r i t ^ ^ ^-Y important q u a n t i t y f o r a l a t e x d i s p e r s i o n s i n c e i t e s s e n t i a l l y r e p r e s e n t s the e l e c t r o l y t e c o n c e n t r a t i o n a t which complete l o s s of s t a b i l i t y o c c u r s .
C . c . above pH 5 i s a t a f a i r l y h i g h c o n c e n t r a t i o n o f e l e c t r o l y t e and i n s u f f i c i e n t p o s i t i v e c h a r g e i s b u i l t up t o s t a b i l i s e t h e d i s p e r s i o n . I t i s a l s o p o s s i b l e w i t h t h i s system t h a t the v e r y hydrophobic p o l y t e t r a f l u o r o e t h y l e n e p a r t s o f t h e s u r f a c e do n o t a d s o r b t h e h y d r o l y s e d s p e c i e s and i n the w e l l - d i a l y s e d system a d s o r p t i o n can o n l y occur on the sparse charged s i t e s .
Emulsion Polymers and Emulsion Polymerization by David R. Bassett and Alvin E. Hamielec (Eds.)