By Volodymyr Ivanov, Viktor Stabnikov
This ebook offers the 1st accomplished textual content on building biomaterials and bioprocesses. It info facets of development biotechnology, a brand new interdisciplinary sector concerning functions of environmental and commercial microbiology and biotechnology in geotechnical and civil engineering. It additionally severely reports all present and capability building biotechnology processes.
It discusses a couple of subject matters together with the biotechnological creation of recent building fabrics comparable to self-healing concrete, development biocomposites, building bioplastics, and biotechnological admixtures to cement. It additionally addresses construction-related strategies like biocementation, bioclogging, soil floor fixation and biosealing, microbial cements and grouts, the biocoating of building fabric surfaces, the microbiology and biosafety of the development surroundings, the prevention of biocorrosion in addition to biodeterioration and biofouling in civil engineering. Biomediated precipitation of calcium, magnesium, and iron compounds as carbonates, phosphates, sulphides, and silicate minerals in soil for its clogging and strengthening are thought of from geotechnical, chemical, and microbiological issues of view. It bargains an summary of the fundamental microbiology that would permit civil engineers to accomplish the development biogeochemical tactics. layout ideas and concerns for various box implementations are mentioned from a pragmatic standpoint. The ebook can be utilized as a textbook for graduate and senior undergraduate scholars in biotechnology, civil engineering and environmental engineering in addition to a reference booklet for researchers and practitioners operating during this new interdisciplinary area.
Read or Download Construction Biotechnology: Biogeochemistry, Microbiology and Biotechnology of Construction Materials and Processes PDF
Similar ventilation & air conditioning books
This can be the first reference, how-to advisor, and sourcebook for strength conservation. It helps you to enhance potency and save cash in every kind of constructions and crops, starting from person homes to advertisement structures to massive associations and commercial vegetation. it's geared up round four hundred logically grouped strength conservation activities, provided in language that everybody is familiar with.
Das v? llig neu bearbeitete Gesamtwerk "Rietschel Raumklimatechnik" f? hrt den erstmals 1893 erschienenen "Leitfaden zum Berechnen und Entwerfen von L? ftungs- und Heizungsanlagen" fortress. Die sixteen. Auflage ist noch strukturierter und richtet sich verst? rkt auf eine integrierte Behandlung des Geb? udes und seiner klimatechnischen Anlagen aus.
Der sechste Teil dieser "Vorlesungen über Massivbau" behandelt die Brücken aus Stahlbeton und Spannbeton, deren Bauarten und Bauweisen in den letzten Jahrzehnten eine ungewöhnliche Entwicklung erfahren haben. Der Verfasser conflict seit 1934 im Brückenbau tätig und hat durch viele Neuerungen zu dieser Entwicklung beigetragen, er schöpft daher aus reicher eigener praktischer Erfahrung.
This publication offers the readers with a well timed advisor to the appliance of biomimetic rules in structure and engineering layout. because of a mixed attempt by means of across the world well-known experts, the biologist Werner Nachtigall and the architect Göran Pohl, the ebook describes the foundations that are used to match nature and expertise, and even as it offers exact causes and examples exhibiting how biology can be utilized as a resource of notion and “translated” in construction and architectural recommendations (biomimicry).
Extra info for Construction Biotechnology: Biogeochemistry, Microbiology and Biotechnology of Construction Materials and Processes
18 Control of the Enzymatic Reaction Rate 11 Control of the Enzymatic Reaction Rate The rate of a biochemical reaction is controlled by: 1. The content of enzyme in cell or concentration of enzyme in the solution/suspension (Xe), mol of enzyme g−1 of biomass or g of enzyme L−1. The content of intracellular enzyme in cell or extracellular enzyme in solution/ suspension is changed by the turning on (induction of enzyme synthesis in cell) or the turning off (repression of enzyme synthesis in cell) of the relative gene(s) of enzyme in cell.
3. 23 Biosafety In relation to biosafety, all microorganisms can be conventionally differentiated as – saprophytic microbes feeding by dead organic matter, – pathogenic microbes that can grow in or on animal or plant tissue and can cause diseases of the plants, animals, and human, – opportunistic microbes that are normally harmless to humans but have the potential to be pathogenic in immunocompromised individuals or after penetration through the skin. 3 The types of biogeochemical reactions used to produce construction materials and perform construction processes in situ 14 1 Basics of Microbiology for Civil and Environmental Engineers Production of ferrous solution and precipitation of undissolved ferrous and ferric salts and hydroxides in soil Production of undissolved sulﬁdes of metals (Ca, Fe, Mg, Al) in porous soil.
Without sterilization of medium and equipment. For cultivation of microorganisms in industrial biotechnological plant, bioreactor is cleaned, washed, ﬁlled with medium, sterilized in the case of aseptic cultivation, the temperature, aeration rate, stirring rate, and monitoring system are adjustment to the required parameters. Then, suspension of inoculum for microbial batch cultivation is introduced into the bioreactor in a dosage of 5–20 % of the bioreactor volume. The system of microbial cultivation with gas exchange only is called as batch culture and the system with gas and liquid exchange is called as continuous culture.
Construction Biotechnology: Biogeochemistry, Microbiology and Biotechnology of Construction Materials and Processes by Volodymyr Ivanov, Viktor Stabnikov