By Albert Schrauwers
The To Pamona, the folks of the highlands of valuable Sulawesi, Indonesia, express the results of a sophisticated background of colonial touch. during this anthropological examine, Albert Schrauwers examines the profound impression of a Dutch Protestant challenge at the faith and tradition of the To Pamona.
Schrauwers finds how a special discourse on faith within the Netherlands was once exported to its colony, Indonesia. The missionaries fostered a non secular nationalism that eventually reworked the region's cultural and political id over the process the following century. The function of the church in Dutch and Indonesian political opinions is validated and the old roots of this 'pillarization' are unearthed. imperative to this phenomenon one of the To Pamona, says Schrauwers, used to be the impression of Dutch missionary Albert C. Kruyt, who used ethnographic tips on how to impose upon the folk a international faith and social structure.
Schrauwers has dependent his research on broad archival examine performed within the Netherlands, in addition to years of box paintings in Sulawesi. He offers a dynamic view of the evolution of spiritual perform one of the To Pomona, and brings new fabric to the scholarship on id and faith in Indonesia.
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Extra info for Colonial 'Reformation' in the Highlands of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, 1892-1995
The missionaries' practical decisions reflected Dutch concerns, giving the new culture-specific Christianities a pillarized form. Verzuiling in the Netherlands To understand Kruyt's mission and its social and cultural effects, it is necessary to understand the relationship between church and state in the Netherlands. The development of the modern Dutch state, and verzuiling, are two sides of a single process wherein the existing social, economic, and political structures of the Netherlands were transformed by the reconstructive forces of industrial capitalism.
Just as the social sciences had generally failed to analyse the new disciplinary techniques, they have similarly failed to analyse the specific role of religion in that transformation. To examine the disciplinary power of ritual is to examine the means by which it creates the mental and moral dispositions appropriate to a Christian: to see religion as a 'technology of the self (Martin et al. 1988). Interpretations are multiple and easily changed; 'disciplinary practices, on the other hand, cannot be varied quite so easily, because learning to develop moral capabilities is not the same thing as learning to invent representations' (Asad 1988, 87).
The days of shuttling between departments, the rendering of letters, and the wait for further permits was then repeated at the provincial level of those bureaucracies, in Palu, Central Sulawesi. And then, at the district level, in Poso. And then at the subdistrict level, in Tentena. There, I registered with the local police, and reported to the subdistrict head (the camat), who issued me further letters for the heads of those villages in which I was working. It is important to underscore (given Western attitudes towards bureaucracy) that I recite this bureaucratic litany not as a complaint of unjust treatment, but to emphasize the bureaucratic web within which all Indonesian citizens live.
Colonial 'Reformation' in the Highlands of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, 1892-1995 by Albert Schrauwers