By Ming-ko Woo
This ebook provides decade-long advances in atmospheric study within the Mackenzie River Basin in northern Canada, which encompasses environments consultant of the coldest components on the earth. Collaborative efforts by means of a crew of approximately a hundred scientists and engineers have yielded wisdom totally transferable to different excessive range areas in the US, Europe and Asia.
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Extra resources for Cold Region Atmospheric and Hydrologic Studies. The Mackenzie GEWEX Experience: Volume 1: Atmospheric Dynamics
Towards these ends, the goals of MAGS were (1) to understand and model the high-latitude energy and water cycles that play roles in the climate system, and (2) to improve our ability to assess the changes to Canadas water resources that arise from climate variability and anthropogenic climate change. 1 Data Availability and Accuracy Circumpolar regions are remote and have a small human population, with the consequence that there are few climatic and hydrometric stations. Since the 1990s, there has been a significant attrition of the already sparse Arctic data collection network (Shiklomanov et al.
Some topics such as the build-up and dissipation of available potential energy, and the hydrologic processes of mountainous catchments, are given summary presentations in the overview chapters. It is recognized that MAGS is a pioneering endeavor to overcome inadequacies in current knowledge of cold region processes; and so, the directions of future research are identified in many chapters. References ACIA (2005) Arctic climate impact assessment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Brown RD (2000) Northern Hemisphere snow cover variability and change.
1). The entire MRB, including the non-permafrost zones, experiences seasonal ground freezing. Temperature variations in circumpolar regions have been larger than those in the temperate and tropical areas. Records show that over the period 195098 the annual temperature in the Arctic region has generally in- 10 Woo et al. 5oC, except in Eastern Canada and Greenland which experienced cooling (ACIA 2005). Reanalysis data indicate that winter temperature variability has been particularly large for the Yenisey and the Mackenzie areas (Kistler et al 2001; Szeto 2007).
Cold Region Atmospheric and Hydrologic Studies. The Mackenzie GEWEX Experience: Volume 1: Atmospheric Dynamics by Ming-ko Woo