By J R Backhurst, J H Harker, J.F. Richardson, J.M. Coulson, R.P. Chhabra
Coulson and Richardson's vintage sequence presents the scholar with an account of the basics of chemical engineering and constitutes the definitive paintings at the topic for lecturers and practitioners. each one publication presents transparent causes of idea and thorough insurance of functional functions, supported through a variety of labored examples and difficulties. therefore, the textual content is designed for college students in addition to being finished in assurance. This quantity covers the 3 major shipping strategy of curiosity to chemical engineers - momentum move (fluid flow), warmth move and mass move and the relationships among them. The concluding bankruptcy covers an program the place every one of those tactics is going on concurrently - water cooling and humidification. the subjects lined shape the theoretical foundation for far of the cloth within the later volumes of the sequence.
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Additional info for Chemical Engineering Volume 1, Sixth Edition (Coulson and Richardsons Chemical Engineering)
FLOW OF FLUIDS —ENERGY AND MOMENTUM RELATIONSHIPS P2,v2 Pi 1 VvVS. 2. Joule-Thomson effect The net work done by unit mass of gas on the surroundings in expanding from P] to P2 is given by: (2,33) A quantity of heat (q, say) is added during the expansion so as to maintain isothermal conditions. 34) For an ideal gas, under isothermal conditions, AU = 0 and P2v2 — P\v\. Thus q — 0 and the ideal gas is said to have a zero Joule-Thomson effect. A non-ideal gas has a Joule-Thomson effect which may be either positive or negative.
30) This relation holds only approximately, even for an ideal gas, since y has been taken as a constant in the integration. It does, however, vary somewhat with pressure. 3. 31) At very low pressures, deviations from the ideal gas law are caused mainly by the attractive forces between the molecules and the compressibility factor has a value less than unity. At higher pressures, deviations are caused mainly by the fact that the volume of the molecules themselves, which can be regarded as incompressible, becomes significant compared with the total volume of the gas.
79: dr0 g Thus the greater the speed of rotation u>, the steeper is the slope. If rQco2 > g, dzo/dr0 ~> oo and the surface is nearly vertical, and if r0&>2 <£ g, dzo/dro -> 0 and the surface is almost horizontal. 44) where ut denotes the tangential velocity of the liquid.
Chemical Engineering Volume 1, Sixth Edition (Coulson and Richardsons Chemical Engineering) by J R Backhurst, J H Harker, J.F. Richardson, J.M. Coulson, R.P. Chhabra