By Malachi D. Crawford
Black Muslims and the legislation: Civil Liberties From Elijah Muhammad to Muhammad Ali examines the country of Islam’s quest for civil liberties as what may perhaps arguably be known as the inaugural and primary sustained problem to the suppression of non secular freedom in African American criminal background. Borrowing insights from A. Leon Higgonbotham Jr.’s vintage works on American slavery jurisprudence, Black Muslims and the Law finds the country of Islam’s strategic efforts to interact governmental officers from a place of energy, and indicates the federal government, congressmen, judges, legal professionals, cops, legal directors, nation governments, and African American civic leaders held a standard knowing of what it intended to be and not to be African American and spiritual within the interval among global warfare II and the Vietnam warfare. The paintings increases uncomplicated questions about the rights of African descended humans to outline god, query white ethical authority, and critique the ethical legitimacy of yankee struggle efforts in accordance with their very own ideals and standards.
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Extra resources for Black Muslims and the Law: Civil Liberties from Elijah Muhammad to Muhammad Ali
6 For its part, the response by Fard’s followers was immediate. Lillian Ali, Ugan Ali’s wife, led over 500 members in protest of Harris’s detention at the downtown courthouse for nearly a week. After it became clear that Fard Muhammad and Ugan Ali would be held for an indefinite amount of time, Elijah Muhammad led over 200 members in protest for an all day sit-in on the steps of the courthouse. 7 Surprisingly, a legal resolution to the situation never emerged because the case against Fard, Ali, and Harris never went to trial.
9 Approximately one year later, in the spring of 1934, Elijah Muhammad and several of his associates found themselves under similar circumstances. A police raid on the NOI’s Detroit temples led to Muhammad’s arrest on charges of contributing to the delinquency of a minor and the closing of the NOI’s schools throughout the city. He was released a short time thereafter; but, in a show of protest to what he considered to be the city’s blatant “religious persecution,” of the group, Elijah Muhammad and 500 NOI members marched on the local police station.
He settled on Richard E. Westbrooks, an attorney out of Chicago, who—despite all appearances to the contrary—was an arguably poor choice of legal representation for Muhammad to have retained. 19 In hiring Richard Westbrooks as his defense counsel, Elijah Muhammad must have thought that he would be getting one of the best lawyers that money could buy. To his credit, Westbrooks had a well-deserved reputation as a considerate, open minded, highly regarded, and very successful attorney in Chicago. For starters, Westbrooks was a founding member and former president of the Cook County Bar Association, the African American counterpart to the racially segregated and all-white Chicago Bar Association.
Black Muslims and the Law: Civil Liberties from Elijah Muhammad to Muhammad Ali by Malachi D. Crawford