By Michael Niaounakis
Biopolymers: purposes and traits provides an up to date precis of the various industry functions of biopolymers characterised by way of biodegradability and sustainability. It comprises tables with the industrial names and houses of every biopolymer kinfolk, besides biopolymers for every advertising section, not just featuring the entire significant industry gamers, but additionally highlighting tendencies and new advancements in items.
The ebook encompasses a thorough breakdown of the great diversity of program components, together with clinical and pharmaceutical, packaging, development, car, and plenty of extra, giving engineers serious fabrics details in a space which has regularly been extra restricted than traditional polymers.
In addition, the ebook makes use of fresh patent info to exhibit the most recent purposes and methods within the region, therefore extra illustrating the swift speed of improvement and want for highbrow estate for firms engaged on new and leading edge products.
- Provides an updated precis of the various industry functions of biopolymers characterised via biodegradability and sustainability
- Includes tables with the economic names and homes of every biopolymer kin, besides biopolymers for every advertising segment
- Presents a radical breakdown of the great variety of program parts, together with clinical and pharmaceutical, packaging, building, car, and lots of more
- Uses contemporary patent info to express the newest purposes and methods within the quarter, hence extra illustrating the fast velocity of improvement and wish for highbrow property
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Additional resources for Biopolymers : applications and trends
Its technology is easily retrofitted into existing ethanol plants. ) discloses a bio-based poly(alkylene terephthalate) obtained by using, as raw materials, biomass-resourcederived glycol and biomass-resource-derived terephthalic acid and/or its ester-forming derivative, and a phosphorus compound. 28). Avantium (NL) developed a process using catalytic reactions to create FDCA, which reacts with ethylene glycol to make PEF. PEF is a bio-based alternative to PET; the main component of PET is terephthalic acid which could be replaced by bio-based FDCA.
Empower Materials Inc. commercializes QPAC® 25, a PEC, which is used as binder or sacrificial material. Novomer also commercializes also PEC in two application markets: as a traditional polymer for packaging and as a clean burning sacrificial material for high-end processing, including ceramic and electronic processing. 32). PPC is a biodegradable 31 amorphous polymer because of the APC ester structure on its backbone . High molecular weight PPC has been predominantly synthesized using zinc carboxylate catalysts to copolymerize propylene oxide and CO2.
For analogous reasons it is good for drug delivery. A polymer mixture can be packed with nutrients for a particular crop. Once the fertilizer is applied, it has a longer residence time in the soil since the fertilizer nutrients are protected from the natural environment by the γ-PGA. In the food industry, work has been done that shows PGA functions as a cryoprotectant. γ-PGA has been shown to have antifreeze activity significantly higher than glucose, a common cryoprotectant. ). PGA is degraded by a class of extracellular enzymes called γ-glutamyl hydrolases and, as a polyamide, is more resistant than synthetic polyesters to random chain hydrolysis.
Biopolymers : applications and trends by Michael Niaounakis