Download e-book for kindle: Biopolymers by Michael Niaounakis

By Michael Niaounakis

ISBN-10: 0323266983

ISBN-13: 9780323266987

ISBN-10: 0323279384

ISBN-13: 9780323279383

Biopolymers and biodegradable plastics are discovering new functions in quite a few sectors, from packaging, to scientific, car and plenty of extra. As artificial plastics are more and more changed by way of their bioplastic equivalents, engineers are dealing with new demanding situations together with processing, bills, environmental sustainability and - eventually - constructing winning products.

Biopolymers: Processing and Products, the second one publication of a trilogy devoted to biopolymers, supplies a close perception into all facets of processing, seamlessly linking the technology of biopolymers to the newest traits within the improvement of recent items. techniques coated within the ebook comprise mixing, compounding, therapy, and shaping, in addition to the formation of biocomposites. Biopolymer coatings and adhesives also are investigated.

This booklet special in its assurance comprises details retrieved in general from patents, which shape the majority of the e-book. The insurance of processing can assist engineers and architects to enhance output and potency of each level of the product improvement technique, and may shape an vital device in choosing the right biopolymer and processing method for any given software, masking scientific, car, nutrition packaging and extra. it's going to support additionally engineers, fabric scientists and researchers to enhance current biopolymer strategies and convey larger items at decrease cost.

  • Multi-disciplinary procedure and significant presentation of all to be had processing options and new items of biopolymers
  • Contains info to not be present in the other book
  • Self-contained chapters

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38 Possible structure of lignin. Adapted from Ref. [94]. Introduction Chapter | 1 37 wood, thereby producing a mixed body of pressure-resistant lignin and cellulose having good tensile strength. Depending on the type of wood, the phenyl groups of the lignin can be substituted by up to two methoxy groups and the propyl groups by up to two hydroxyl groups (2000, WO0027923 A1, FRAUNHOFER GES FORSCHUNG; TECNARO GES ZUR IND ANWENDUNG). Besides cellulose, lignin is the second most common organic material on earth, about 20 × 109 tons of lignin being formed each year by photosynthesis.

Has marketed a copolyester carbonate, namely poly[oligo(tetramethylene succinate)co-(tetramethylene carbonate)] (PTMS/PTeMC). The copolyester carbonate is composed of a polyester part and a polycarbonate part. The content of carbonate inside the copolymer is variable. The Tm of the copolymer is about 100–110 °C. Introducing poly(tetramethylene carbonate) (PTeMC) into poly(tetramethylene succinate) (PTMS) probably causes disorder in the crystal structure, thus lowering its Tm and increasing its susceptibility to enzymatic and microbial attacks [10].

Chitosan is generally insoluble in water, but dissolves in dilute solutions of organic acids such as acetic, formic, tartaric, valeric, lactic, glycolic, and citric acids, and also dissolves in dilute mineral acids such as hydrochloric and sulfuric acids. 38). 38 Possible structure of lignin. Adapted from Ref. [94]. Introduction Chapter | 1 37 wood, thereby producing a mixed body of pressure-resistant lignin and cellulose having good tensile strength. Depending on the type of wood, the phenyl groups of the lignin can be substituted by up to two methoxy groups and the propyl groups by up to two hydroxyl groups (2000, WO0027923 A1, FRAUNHOFER GES FORSCHUNG; TECNARO GES ZUR IND ANWENDUNG).

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Biopolymers by Michael Niaounakis


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