By Göran Pohl, Werner Nachtigall
This e-book offers the readers with a well timed advisor to the applying of biomimetic ideas in structure and engineering layout. because of a mixed attempt via across the world well-known experts, the biologist Werner Nachtigall and the architect Göran Pohl, the publication describes the rules which might be used to match nature and expertise, and even as it provides targeted reasons and examples displaying how biology can be utilized as a resource of thought and “translated” in construction and architectural ideas (biomimicry). even if nature can't be at once copied, the residing global promises architects and engineers with a wealth of analogues and inspirations for his or her personal artistic designs. yet how can research of typical entities provide upward push to complicated and sustainable layout? by way of reporting at the newest bionic layout equipment and utilizing wide art, the publication publications readers in the course of the box of nature-inspired structure, delivering a rare source for pro architects, engineers, designers and concrete planners, in addition to for college lecturers, researchers and scholars. traditional evolution is visible during the ebook as a robust source which could serve structure and layout by means of offering leading edge, optimum and sustainable solutions.
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This publication presents the readers with a well timed consultant to the applying of biomimetic rules in structure and engineering layout. because of a mixed attempt through the world over famous specialists, the biologist Werner Nachtigall and the architect Göran Pohl, the ebook describes the foundations which might be used to check nature and know-how, and even as it provides specific factors and examples displaying how biology can be utilized as a resource of notion and “translated” in construction and architectural recommendations (biomimicry).
Extra info for Biomimetics for Architecture & Design: Nature - Analogies - Technology
Various methods as to the application of biomimetics are also used, the most of important of which are listed here. 1 Definitions from the VDI The VDI, the Association of Gerrman Engineers, does its work in a certain manner, where one is to investigate into regulations that are, in the European countries, usually to be seen as state-of-the-art. The VDI has occupied itself for some time with the issue of biomimetics in its important committee work for the definition of standards. VDI guidelines for biomimetics have recently been developed, the first of which appeared in 2010/2011.
4a). They consist of membranes in which star-shaped spikes are suspended. These spikes bear six arms in the directions of the three spatial axes toward which they can grow to meet other arms and fuse together into the orthogonal lattice structures of the matured sponge. Before fusing, the spikes often shift and orient themselves repeatedly anew; they “wander” in the rhythm of the active tensing and slackening movements of the membrane. As soon as the spikes have organized into an orthogonal grid network however, bending stress occurs in the nodal points, which causes the nodes to strengthen themselves.
5 TGV station at Lyon-Satolas, architect Santiago Calatrava. (Courtesy of A. 5 Classification of Building Biomimetics 37 Fig. 6 Metropol Parasol, architect Jürgen Mayer H. (Courtesy of K. G. Helmcke, biologist, and Frei Otto, architect, discussed in the 1950s and 1960s whether similarities between living and built structures are coincidental or whether conformity to laws also underlies living structures, similar to built structures. From 1970 to 1985, with the collaborative research center (Sonderforschungsbereich, SFB) SFB 64 “Weitgespannte Flächentragwerke” (“Long-Spanning Surface Structures”), studies were conducted under the leadership of Frei Otto on natural structures, which received high international recognition.
Biomimetics for Architecture & Design: Nature - Analogies - Technology by Göran Pohl, Werner Nachtigall