By Kristen P. Williams, Steven E. Lobell, Neal G. Jesse
Through the research of either ancient and modern circumstances that characteristic international and local hegemons in Europe, Latin the United States, the center East, Africa, Asia, and South Asia, and that deal with quite a number curiosity areas—from political, to fiscal and military—the booklet unearths the household and overseas elements that account for the motivations and activities of weaker states.
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Extra info for Beyond Great Powers and Hegemons: Why Secondary States Support, Follow, or Challenge
Regardless, it is external, international level factors that determine the state’s motivation for responding,75 though, as Walt notes, states balance against proximate threats. Therefore, a secondary or tertiary state’s primary threat might come from a neighboring power rather than an extraregional hegemon. The consequences would be alliance with the hegemon against the regional power. 76 Thus, such a state might balance with a regional or global hegemon against these internal challengers. Explanatory Framework 1: According to neorealist theory, states faced with security threats will balance against or bandwagon with the hegemon.
What is evident is that factors at the international and domestic levels can account for the motivations and the strategies of secondary states in their response to the hegemon. To reach significant conceptual conclusions based on comparative analysis about the relationship between hegemons and followers, this book seeks to address and answer a similar set of questions: 1. How can we characterize a state’s response to the hegemon? a. How do states follow or support the hegemon? What form does opposition to the hegemon take?
Is there a demand for leadership and to solve regional security dilemmas? Are states bandwagoning for profit and free-riding, seeking alliance with the hegemon to balance against regional or domestic primary threats, co-opted or restrained by grand bargains, or acting for nonpower reasons such as liberal transnationalism, interdependence, and commercial ties or shared identities and pluralistic security communities? When do states oppose the hegemonic power? Does opposition to the hegemon result from temporary windows of opportunity as the power of the hegemon declines, as expectations of future cooperation begin to wane, to renegotiate historic grand bargains, resentment and fear, or for greater autonomy and voice in the international system?
Beyond Great Powers and Hegemons: Why Secondary States Support, Follow, or Challenge by Kristen P. Williams, Steven E. Lobell, Neal G. Jesse