By David Kreps
This can be a ebook approximately evolution from a post-Darwinian point of view. It recounts the center rules of French thinker Henri Bergson and his rediscovery and legacy within the poststructuralist serious philosophies of the Nineteen Sixties, and explores the confluences of those principles with these of complexity thought in environmental biology.
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Extra resources for Bergson, Complexity and Creative Emergence
84 So the present – pure perception – is a physical consciousness of the body. The past – pure memory – is an unconsciousness of the body, the realm of fancy and dream. The reality of the human condition is always a blend of the two. Memory, in the human being, is something that gives the flow of our perceptions from periphery through the centre to periphery, the possibility of choice. We can pause, in the centre of action that is our body, and compare the motor mechanism action ready to react to our perceptions with previous ones, in our memory, and weigh up the pros and cons of different outcomes.
But each individual time that we go through something in order to learn it is also an individual memory. There is a distinction therefore between what we have learned to repeat – as a motor mechanism – and what we simply remember because we did it, because it happened. ’83 Pure memory, on the other hand, is something quite different. To understand this, we must follow Bergson in his durational imagery concerning the process of remembering. Memory and recollection are not an object retrieval system, for Bergson, but a temporal field of awareness, which can expand or contract depending on requirement.
Pure memory, by contrast, is entirely in the past. Of course, as Bergson asserts, ‘There is no perception which is not full of memories. ’78 But in order to understand the nature of consciousness, and how it relates to perception, Bergson enjoins us to imagine not just a pure perception, but a pure memory. Now, the sheer quantity of memory would be impossible to somehow store, chemically, biologically, within the brain. Most of what we know about memory, in scientific circles, comes from problems with memory – in particular, cases of brain injury where partial memory loss has resulted.
Bergson, Complexity and Creative Emergence by David Kreps