By Orit Halpern
Beautiful Data is either a heritage of massive facts and interactivity, and a cosmopolitan meditation on principles approximately imaginative and prescient and cognition within the moment 1/2 the 20 th century. Contending that our kinds of awareness, commentary, and fact are contingent and contested, Orit Halpern historicizes the ways in which we're proficient, and teach ourselves, to watch and research the realm. Tracing the postwar impression of cybernetics and the verbal exchange sciences at the social and human sciences, layout, arts, and concrete making plans, she unearths an intensive shift in attitudes towards recording and exhibiting details. those replaced attitudes produced what she calls communicative objectivity: new types of commentary, rationality, and financial system according to the administration and research of information. Halpern complicates assumptions concerning the worth of information and visualization, arguing that alterations in how we deal with and educate notion, and outline cause and intelligence, also are variations in governmentality. She additionally demanding situations the paradoxical trust that we're experiencing a hindrance of consciousness because of electronic media, a challenge that may be resolved simply via intensified media intake.
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Extra resources for Beautiful Data: A History of Vision and Reason since 1945
To comprehend this transformation in the treatment of the senses as commodities, technologies, and infrastructures and the concomitant transformation in population and governance without recourse to technical determinism, I focus, therefore, not on realized technologies but on post–World War ii ideas, pedagogies, and practices of observation in cybernetics, communication sciences, and their affiliated social and design sciences. ” He continues that observation is more than representational practice, rather “[the observer] is only an effect of an irreducibly heterogeneous system of discursive, social, technological, and institutional relations.
51 Songdo is one potent example of this management of uncertainty. The city serves as a vacillating network awaiting purposes not yet assigned and preparing for disasters of environment and ecology that have not yet been assessed or definitively calculated and whose temporal horizons are eternally deferred. 52 Contemporary technical networks reformulate governmentality through the production and manipulation of temporalities. Preemption through the management of uncertainty supports the increased penetration of computational interventions in the name of sustainability, and central to this capacity, as Wiener suggested from the start, is an ability to reenvision, visualize, and manage data in specific ways.
Their work is landmark in creating infrastructures for postwar American life (and perhaps empire)—both attentive and physical. In their respective projects, we can trace the reimagining of the observer as isolated but ecologically networked. This observer was linked to a new aesthetics of visualization and management. Interactivity as a personal mode of attention became associated with environment as a discourse for managing systems in fields ranging from marketing to urban planning. The chapter culminates with an examination of one site where practices in design, marketing, and management recombined, in the 1964–1965 New York World’s Fair, with the innovative launch of the ibm installation “The Information Machine,” which advertised the new information economy.
Beautiful Data: A History of Vision and Reason since 1945 by Orit Halpern