Read e-book online Automated metadata in multimedia information systems: PDF

By Michael Christel

ISBN-10: 1598297716

ISBN-13: 9781598297713

ISBN-10: 1598297724

ISBN-13: 9781598297720

Advancements in community bandwidth besides dramatic drops in electronic garage and processing expenditures have ended in the explosive progress of multimedia (combinations of textual content, snapshot, audio, and video) assets on the web and in electronic repositories. a collection of desktop applied sciences supplying speech, picture, and ordinary language knowing can instantly derive descriptive metadata for such assets. problems for finish clients happen, besides the fact that, with the super quantity and ranging caliber of automatic metadata for multimedia info platforms. This lecture surveys automated metadata production equipment for facing multimedia details assets, utilizing broadcast information, documentaries, and oral histories as examples. thoughts for bettering the software of such metadata are mentioned, together with computationally extensive methods, leveraging multimodal redundancy, folding in context, and leaving precision-recall tradeoffs less than person keep an eye on. Interfaces development from instantly generated metadata are provided, illustrating using video surrogates in multimedia info platforms. conventional details retrieval evaluate is mentioned during the annual nationwide Institute of criteria and expertise TRECVID discussion board, with experiments on exploratory seek extending the dialogue past fact-finding to broader, long run seek actions of studying, research, synthesis, and discovery.

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Twenty-five university students and staff members participated in an experiment using a fact-finding task against a news video corpus, where dependent measures included correctness, time to complete the task, and subjective satisfaction. 1 for tested treatments). 1: Tested treatments for text with storyboard: aligned or not, brief, full, or no text, in Informedia study [85]. Significant differences in performance time and satisfaction were found in the study [85]. Storyboard surrogates clearly improved with text, and participants favored the interleaved presentation.

The proprietary nature of the collections also biased them in various ways. TREC was conceived as a way to address this need for large, unbiased test collections. The same needs for the video retrieval community led to the establishment of the TREC Video Track in 2001. Now an independent evaluation, TRECVID began with the goal of promoting progress in content-based retrieval from digital video via open, metrics-based evaluation. The corpora have ranged from documentaries to advertising films to broadcast news, and benchmark tasks include shot detection, visual feature detection, and interactive search as overviewed by Smeaton et al.

6: a query on “baseball” returns 414 segments, with the common text phrases such as “Jackie Robinson” shown at left. , listing “Kansas City Monarchs,” which was the name of that city’s Negro League baseball team. Testing with numerous universities’ history and African American Studies students in 2007 and 2008 has shown that this text-based collection level view, driven by context, is well received and used frequently. One final example of context is using appropriate sources of authoritative outside knowledge.

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Automated metadata in multimedia information systems: creation, refinement, use in surrogates, and evaluation by Michael Christel

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