Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontology by Terence Horgan, Matjaž Potrc PDF

By Terence Horgan, Matjaž Potrc

ISBN-10: 0262083760

ISBN-13: 9780262083768

The authors of Austere Realism describe and shield a provocative ontological- cum -semantic place, announcing that the appropriate ontology is minimum or austere, in that it excludes quite a few common sense posits, and that statements utilizing such posits are still actual, while fact is known to be semantic correctness below contextually operative semantic criteria. Terence Horgan and Matjaž Potrč argue that austere realism emerges certainly from attention of the deep difficulties in the naive common-sense method of fact and ontology. they provide an account of fact that confronts those deep inner difficulties and is independently believable: contextual semantics, which asserts that fact is semantically right affirmability. below contextual semantics, a lot usual and clinical concept and discourse is right simply because its fact is oblique correspondence to the area. After delivering extra arguments for austere realism and addressing objections to it, Horgan and Potrč contemplate a number of substitute austere ontologies. They strengthen a selected model they name "blobjectivism"—the view that the best ontology contains just one concrete specific, the whole cosmos ("the blobject"), which, even though it has huge, immense neighborhood spatiotemporal variability, doesn't have any right elements. The arguments in Austere Realism are powerfully made and concisely and lucidly set out. The authors' contentions and their methodological approach—products of a decade-long collaboration—will generate energetic debate between students in metaphysics, ontology, and philosophy.

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Extra info for Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontology

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Here we will set forth the reasoning leading to these conclusions. For clarity of exposition, we will segment the discussion into subsections. 1 21 Boundarylessness We begin by discussing vagueness as a generic phenomenon. , ontological vagueness). An essential aspect of any form of vagueness is sorites susceptibility: for any vague constituent of language or thought, and for any putatively vague object, property, or relation, there is a sorites sequence directly involving that item. A sorites sequence is a progression of statements, or of states of affairs (actual or possible), that generate a sorites-paradoxical argument.

Rather, evidently the putative vague entities would have to directly satisfy both the ISS Principle and the CSI Principle. Since this is impossible, evidently so is ontological vagueness. Let us underscore this jarring conclusion by formulating in a slightly different way the reasoning that forces itself upon reflective common sense concerning the issue of ontological vagueness. The world cannot be logically incoherent, even in the weak way: it cannot satisfy ontological analogues of mutually unsatisfiable semantic standards.

Later we will be arguing that contextual semantics should be very attractive to reflective common sense—both because of its promise for dealing with the antithesis problems, and for other reasons too. We will be describing the semantic-cum-ontological position we call austere realism, and we will be arguing the virtues of the specific version of austere realism that incorporates contextual semantics. But our main purpose in the remainder of the present chapter is just to articulate contextual semantics itself (albeit in a way that will already make it sound plausible).

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Austere Realism: Contextual Semantics Meets Minimal Ontology by Terence Horgan, Matjaž Potrc

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