Attraction, Distraction and Action: Multiple Perspectives on by Charles Folk, Bradley Gibson PDF

By Charles Folk, Bradley Gibson

ISBN-10: 0444506764

ISBN-13: 9780444506764

Over the past decade there was a spate of study at the empirical phenomenon often called "attentional capture". curiosity in trap should be attributed not just to its utilized value, but additionally to the results of the phenomenon for theories of selective realization, in addition to cognitive keep watch over generally. This becoming curiosity, despite the fact that, has additionally spawned a wide selection of experimental paradigms, empirical effects, and theoretical views. In June of 2000, forty experimental psychologists converged on Villanova collage for a convention and workshop on attentional trap. The reason used to be to supply an intimate discussion board for scientists from different views and backgrounds, and utilizing diversified methodologies to provide their examine on attentional catch and likewise have interaction in small team discussions on such key concerns because the definition, size, and theoretical remedy of cognizance catch. This e-book provides a set of chapters in keeping with these displays and discussions. Chapters are equipped round parts similar to neuroscience, visible cognition, developmental, person modifications and dynamical structures. the quantity presents: a precis of the newest leading edge examine; a tremendous compass for destiny learn during this sector; an invaluable survey of the sector; contributions from across the world famous specialists in cognizance. as a result of its particular specialize in the subject of attentional trap the quantity should still make a great supplemental textual content or reference e-book for complicated undergraduate or graduate seminars in cognitive psychology and a spotlight.

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We elicited and characterized IOR in the monkey, which we showed to be quite similar to IOR in human participants, so that we could begin to explore the neural substrate of IOR. The target-elicited sensory responses of superficial and intermediate layer neurons in the superior colliculus were reduced at a previously cued location (compared to the uncued location on the opposite side), and this reduction was statistically linked to behavioral IOR. Because the post-cue activity was higher, and because the reaction time of saccades elicited via electrical stimulation were faster at the previously cued location, we concluded that the circuitry in superior colliculus is not itself inhibited.

I. & Cohen, Y. (1984). Components of visual orienting. In H. Bouma & D. G. ), Attention and Performance X (pp. 531-556). : Erlbaum Associates. Posner, M. , Nissen, M. , & Ogden, W. C. (1978). Attended and unattended processing models: The role of set for spatial locations. In H. L. Pick & F. J. ), Modes of perceiving and processing information (pp. 137157). Hillsdale, N. : Erlbaum. Posner, M. , Rafal, R. , Choate, L. , & Vaughan, J. (1985). Inhibition of return: Neural basis and function. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 2, 211-228.

Third, IOR can be maintained at several, successively cued locations, possibly up to 5 (Snyder & Kingstone, 2000), whereas the SC is conceived as a vector-averaging "winner-take-all" system. , 1997). Monkey neurophysiology Even though other areas may be potentially involved in IOR, evidence in the literature suggesting that the SC is important for the manifestation of IOR led us to begin our search for the neural mechanisms in that structure of the rhesus monkey. We recorded from single neurons in the superficial and intermediate layers of the SC.

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Attraction, Distraction and Action: Multiple Perspectives on Attentional Capture by Charles Folk, Bradley Gibson

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