By Stephen Makin
Stephen Makin offers a transparent and actual new translation of an influential and much-discussed a part of Aristotle's philosophical procedure, observed by way of an analytical and important observation concentrating on philosophical concerns. In booklet Theta of the Metaphysics Aristotle introduces the innovations of reality and potentiality--which have been to stay critical to philosophical research into the fashionable era--and explores the excellence among the particular and the potential.
Part of the Clarendon Aristotle sequence.
Read Online or Download Aristotle: Metaphysics Theta: Translated with an Introduction and Commentary PDF
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Extra info for Aristotle: Metaphysics Theta: Translated with an Introduction and Commentary
If not, it would have had to stop sometime as in the case of making thin, but as it is this is not so, but one is living and has lived. Of these then [[it is necessary]] to call some changes, and others actualities. For all change is incomplete, thinning, learning, walking, house building; these are changes and surely incomplete. ∗ But the same thing at the same time has seen and is seeing, and is thinking and has thought. ∗ So let what the actual is and what kind of thing it is be clear to us from these and similar points.
For the false and the impossible are certainly not the same; for that you are standing now is false, but not impossible. At the same time it is clear also that, if when A is the case it is necessary that B is the case, then also if A is possible it is necessary that B is possible; for if it is not necessary that it is possible, nothing prevents it not being possible. ∗ Therefore, whenever A would be possible, if A were assumed, nothing impossible would have turned out; but then it is necessary that B is the case.
The same holds as regards potentialities more generally. Viewing the bricks from which an actual house is built, and into which it is demolished, as potentially a house connects various stages together into an xl introduction integrated process of (artiﬁcial) generation, existence, and destruction. The material precursors of the house explain its coming into existence, the material remnants make it clear that it was destroyed. So one reason to take capacities and potentialities seriously is that they provide explanatory continuity between items which would otherwise be inexplicably independent.
Aristotle: Metaphysics Theta: Translated with an Introduction and Commentary by Stephen Makin