By Herman L. Bennett
Полное название:"Africans in Colonial Mexico : absolutism, Christianity, and Afro-Creole realization, 1570–1640"
В этом исследовании, автор обнаружил много новой информации о жизни рабов и свободных чернокожих в Мексике и как их жизнь была регулированна правительством.
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Additional resources for Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640
Within this urban crucible, a new cultural synthesis emerged which was both peculiar to Mexico and representative of New Spain’s evershifting cultural moorings. In Mexico, the community of colonizers manifested their vision of enduring dominance over the land and its once-sovereign occupants. 93 To invoke New Spain was to speak of Mexico City. While Mexico’s architects recon¤gured the social landscape into two distinct repúblicas, one for the Indian majority and the other for the Spanish mi30 Africans in Colonial Mexico nority, they neglected to allot distinctive social space to Africans who lived there.
The arrival of thousands of Spaniards fueled commercial competition, including the African slave trade, and exacerbated the gulf between erstwhile allies. 30 In Juan’s waning years, the ethos that equated slaves with Africans was ascendant in New Spain. Although this ideological construct was in place by the mid-sixteenth century, during the conquest period, the concepts underlying the marriage of “African” with “slave” remained ®uid. As Juan Garrido recounted his exploits, he neglected to inform Charles V of his social legacy.
72 Even on the newest estates, such as Atlihuayan and Guajoyuca, creole and mulatto slaves easily outnumbered enslaved Africans. 74 Surviving estate inventories from Morelos reveal that on average blacks and mulattos accounted for 81 percent of the slave population during the seventeenth century. 75 The African and creole population of Michoácan experienced the same demographic pattern manifest throughout seventeenth-century New Spain. By the seventeenth century, African slavery was ®ourishing at Michoácan.
Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640 by Herman L. Bennett